#206 Herbs of the Mediterranean
Mediterranean herbs need regular watering when they are first planted for the establishment of new roots. During hot, dry summer months, they will need thorough watering about once a week (depending on your climate), preferably in the early morning.
Here’s a Green Gardening Tip: Irrigation systems like the one used here are the most efficient way to get water to the garden. They are also the healthiest for your plants Their use avoids wetting the leaves in the heat of the day and before sundown. Water droplets magnify light rays and cause leaf burn. Water left on foliage after dark spreads fungal disease. Either drip irrigation, like this system, or soaker hoses can be used. Teaming them up with timers that can measure rainfall is a cost efficient way to conserve water, and money and give your plants exactly the moisture that they need.
Rosemary A native of the Mediterranean region, its name means "dew of the sea", referring to the sweet scent that greets sailors as they return to shore. Rosemary grows in full sun or partial shade and is drought tolerant. The upright form is a bushing shrub with stiff branches that lend themselves to shaping as hedges or topiary. The prostrate rosemary is a creeping form that is slightly less hardy.
Oregano The name "oregano" is from the Greek oro (mountain) and ganos (joy). Oregano is an attractive and fast spreading plant with dark green, slightly hairy or glabrous leaves and cluster of white or pinkish flowers. Oregano requires full sun and is drought tolerant.
Sage Whether green, tri color, or golden, Sages are highly aromatic shrubs. They are susceptible to fungal root disease so must be grown in well drained soil and full sun. Sages are drought tolerant and long-lived.
Thyme Thymes grow best in sandy soil. These small woody perennials can range from 6 to 15 inches in height; some hug the ground in a mat, and some grow upright. Flowers vary from pink to purple to white. It is important to prune thymes several times a year, especially where summers are hot and humid. Prune in early spring, when temperatures begin to warm, then when flowers form and again about mid-summer. This will help to keep the plants from getting too woody, and will help discourage fungal diseases.